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The A-Z of Health Conditions, Illnesses & Ailments

Here on the A-Z of Health you can check out our articles alphabetically by selecting the appropriate letter from the list below, or by typing what you are looking for in the search box to the right

Check out our other Health Indexes:
Diet Supplements and Nutrition
Exercise & Looking Good
Health Articles Archive

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

Actinate Keratosis
You have probably never heard of it, yet millions suffer from the skin complaint Actinate Keratosis - of particular interest to us because it generally affects people over the age of 40.

Eating fresh spinach every day can help protect against age-related macular degeneration or AMD.

Asbestos and Mesothelioma
Asbestos is one of those things that hit the news in a big way and then virtually disappeared from the media.

Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrilliation – a condition that causes an irregular, and often very fast, heart beat.

Atrial Fibrillation
Each year in the UK more than 46,000 people are diagnosed with atrial fibrillation.

Autism - a problem you may not recognise.
Some experts estimate that in the UK one in every 100 suffers from a level of autism, with men being more affected than women.

Bipolar disorder
A person with bipolar disorder can experience vast mood changes from being excited and overactive down to the depths of depression

A very gentle flush can add a charming colour to a pale complexion, but anything more severe is simply a big cause of embarrassment.

Body Temperature

Bowel Cancer

Bunions, a knobbly problem
Summer is here and we all love wearing flip flops and open toed sandals. But all this can be spoilt by the common problem of a bunion.

Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is surprisingly common; around one in 1000 people develop it every year, especially in women over 50.

As we age, we become more susceptible to all sorts of problems and one common problem among our age group is cataracts.

Generally, one thinks of chickenpox as a children’s disease but adults can catch it and when they do, complications are more commonplace

In more recent years another key word has entered our vocabulary of essential health words – cholesterol. Cholesterol is a fatty substance known as a lipid and is mainly made by our liver from fatty foods that we have eaten.

Cholesterol - those unwelcome fatty deposits
We are continually warned that if we don’t take action to reduce our cholesterol to the magic 5.2 figure or below, then we are increasing our risk of a heart attack and other problems.

Coeliac Disease
Coeliac Disease is an auto-immune disease caused by a reaction to gluten, which is found in wheat, barley, rye and possibly oats.

Colds and Flu
If you are one of the few who have been lucky enough to miss this season’s bout of colds and flu, you are in the minority.

The common cold
It is that time of year again – very soon someone you know will say: “I’ve got a cold”!

The common cold
despite great medical advances, the common cold remains just that - very common and likely to affect every one of us this winter.

Constipation is a very common problem
It is not a health problem we easily talk about, but in fact constipation, or a lack of easy regular bowel movements, affects many people of all ages and is very common.

Deafness - You can say that again

Dementia - a growing problem

It seems more and more of us know someone who has been diagnosed with “dementia”.

Detached retinas
Treatment for detached or torn retinas has improved in leaps and bounds in recent years.

Diabetes - Managing Diabetes

Diabetes is well known and this leads to many people not appreciating quite what a serious condition it can be.

Diabetes - Type 2
According to a recent health survey, by 2020 Type 2 diabetes could rise by as much as 98 per cent

Digestion and Dysmotility
Food travels through our digestive tracts by muscles situated in the gut wall that contract to move the food along.

Dry Skin
One in three of us suffer from a skin condition at any one time and dry skin is one of the major problems

Eczemais the name for a range of skin conditions which can affect people of all ages.

Feeling faint
Fainting is far more common than most people realise.

Christmas is here and at this time of year, with its dark evenings, festivities and celebrations, we often eat and drink more than we are used to.

It isn't common in the UK but it does happen and here's what you need to know

Food Poisoning Don't let it spoil your summer

Genetic inheritance -Taking a family history

Keeping an eye on Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve which is the major nerve of vision.. 

Gout - no laughing matter

Hayfever - Allergic To Summer

Hayfever: From the Big Freeze to the Big Sneeze
Hayfever has become increasingly more common and at present Britain has one of the highest rates of hayfever in the world, with about 15 million people (around a quarter of the UK population) being affected.

Headache - What a headache

Hernias are far more common in men than women and they also occur more in older people.

Hip Replacements
There may be several contributory causes that contribute to the development of hip arthritis but they all lead to symptoms of pain, stiffness and loss of function.

Incontinence - a weakening in the control of your bladder or bowel movements - can be caused by many things.

Indigestion is more complicated than you think


Jet Lag

Keyhole surgery
Using keyhole surgery can result in less pain and trauma plus greatly reduced recovery times and scarring.

It makes sense to understand a little more about these small but essential joints

Knees-Weak at the knees

Labyrinthitis - Inner Ear Infections
An infection of the inner ear is called labyrinthitis because it affects the labyrinth, the innermost part of the ear

Legs-Restless Legs Syndrome

Leg cramp
Around one in three people over 60 suffers regularly from leg cramps and that goes up to half of all people over 80.

Lupus disease
Problems such as extreme fatigue, unexplained fever, kidney problems, skin rashes or swollen joints can all be caused by lupus.

Macular Degeneration
Age related macular degeneration, or AMD, is one of the biggest causes of severe sight loss in older people

ME (Myalgic Encephalopathy)
ME is not one of the most publicised health problems and unless you come into contact with a sufferer, it is very unlikely you know much about it.

When you reach our age, most childhood diseases are simply a distant memory – that is, until the grandchildren start coming along.

The number of people who develop melanoma is continuing to rise and here in the UK nearly 9,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma each year

Migraine, what a headache
It is easy to think that migraine is just another form of headache, but today it is recognised as a neurological disorder.

Motor Neurone disease
Motor neurone disease is thankfully reasonably rare, with it affecting only around two in every 100,000 people in the UK.

Multiple Myeloma
Myeloma, as it is also called, is a type of cancer arising from plasmacell which are normally found in the bone marrow.

Nails are useful, they help protect the ends of our fingers and of course they can look very nice indeed.

Neck pain
Necks are one of those bits of our bodies that we never really think about until things go wrong.

The Winter-vomiting bug

Osteoporosis is a major problem, but in modern society it is very much thought of as a woman’s problem.

Pancreatic cancer
While cancer figures largely in modern media, surprisingly little is written about cancer of the pancreas or pancreatic cancer.

Panic Attacks
A panic attack is when you feel you are losing control. You will suddenly develop an overwhelming sense of fear, apprehension, anxiety and depression.

Parkinson's Disease

Paraesthesia - Pins and Needles
Almost everyone has experienced pins and needles so it rarely gets the attention it deserves, but it's link to underlying conditions means it's worth checking.

Phobias such as a fear of open spaces
can totally disrupt lives

Pituitary gland problems
This small oval shaped gland, situated at the base of our brain just below the optic nerve, can have far reaching effect on many areas of our health.

Pneumonia can still take your breath away
Pneumonia is still quite common, it affects around one in ten adults every year, and if not treated promptly it can still be very serious indeed.

Pneumonia is still with us
In the UK pneumonia still affects around 10 in every 1,000 adults, especially in autumn and winter months.

Prostate cancer – the facts

Prostate Cancer - more facts

Raynaud's Disease
Cold hands and fingers can be caused by more than a turn in the weather

SAD - Those winter blues
SAD is now recognised by the World Health Organisation as a medical condition that affects people in the darker winter months.

SAD - Light up your winter moods
For some, winter can be a very difficult time because they suffer from SAD. This stands for Seasonal Affective Disorder, often known as winter blues, and it is now recognised as a medical problem.

Sarcopenia - get a grip!
Many people as they get older find that their strength diminishes and often it is a weakness in the grip or the arms that first draws our attention to the loss of power.

Sciatica is quite a common term but it is not until we get older that we realise it can be a dreadful problem that can really affect one’s life.

Sciatica - a pain in the backside!
Scatica, whilecommon, is not a condition to be ignored.

One in five people will have shingles at some point in their lives and it is most common in people over the age of 50

Sleep - The Importance of Sleep

Sinus Problems
Often ignored, but sinus problems can have serious impacts on your health

Sleep - The Importance of Sleep

Stem cell replacements
In recent years, amazing medical advances have been made through the use of stem cells.

Stomach Ulcer
Most of us have heard of stomach ulcers but understanding the symptoms, causes and treatments is another thing altogether.

A stroke is the third most common cause of death in Britain and is also the leading cause of severe disability.

Summer colds
However hot the summer, nevertheless quite a number of us will suddenly find we are suffering from a cold.

Swine flu
There is still a lot of winter weather to come, so knowing more about swine flu can only be a good thing.

Teeth - Talk about a bite

Tennis Elbow
Anyone who overuses the muscles and tendons of their forearm and elbow can suffer from this painful problem.

Thread veins
Small thread veins are usually red and are very unwelcome, especially on the face.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot formed in a vein.

Thrombosis - Don't let a clot ruin your life
Thrombosis - or blood clots - kill more than 25,000 people every year

If you have some unexplained symptoms, especially those that could be related to your metabolism, then it is worth considering your thyroid.

It is estimated that around five million people in the UK suffer from tinnitus.

Tuberculosis is back
Last year (2008) there were 2,938 new cases of TB in London alone and general figures show there was an increase of 18% across the country.

Still a risk from TB
Tuberculosis has not been totally wiped out and today the numbers of people in this country infected by TB has begun to rise..

Vitamin D


Volvulus (Twisted Intestine)


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