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Gardener's Diary

July


In association with the Royal Horticultural Society

The Royal Horticultural Society

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK's leading gardening charity dedicated to advancing horticulture and promoting good gardening.

Their goal is to help people share a passion for plants, to encourage excellence in horticulture and inspire all those with an interest in gardening.

In this section on Laterlife they share their expertise to provide your Jobs for the Month - making sure that your garden is ready for the season ahead.

Find out more about how to become a member of the RHS

Jobs to do in July

Summer is progressing

Top 10 jobs this month

This is often one of the hottest months of the year and a great time to sit out and enjoy your garden. Keep plants looking good by regularly dead-heading, and you'll enjoy a longer display of blooms. Make sure you keep new plants well watered, using grey water where possible, and hoe off weeds, which thrive in the sunshine.

  • Hoe borders regularly to keep down weeds

  • Be water-wise, especially in drought-affected areas

  • Pinch out sideshoots on tomatoes

  • Harvest lettuce, radish, other salads and early potatoes

  • Position summer hanging baskets and containers outside

  • Mow lawns at least once a week

  • Plant out summer bedding

  • Stake tall or floppy plants

  • Prune many spring-flowering shrubs

  • Shade greenhouses to keep them cool and prevent scorch


Sowing and planting

Vegetables

• Sow spring cabbage, turnips, Oriental vegetables, chicory, fennel, and autumn/winter salads.

• Carrots can still be sown, but beware of carrot fly when thinning existing seedlings.

• Last chance to sow French beans and runner beans (south of England only).

• Plant out leeks and brassicas for a winter supply, if not yet done.

 

Pruning and training

Fruit

• Continue training fan-trained trees.

• If necessary, prune cherries straight after harvest.

• Complete summer pruning of gooseberries and redcurrants and white currants.

• Summer prune kiwi fruit if not done last month.

• Remove the lower sideshoots of indoor melons up to a height of 30cm (12in).

 

Problems

• Check plants regularly for aphids.

• Watch out for potato blight and tomato blight.

• Look out for asparagus beetle.

• Keep an early eye out for the sunken brown patches of blossom end rot on tomatoes.

• Deal with woolly aphid, plum rust, pear leaf blister mite and pear rust.

 

General care

Fruit

• Check tree ties as tree trunk girth increases.

• Water cranberries, lingonberries and blueberries regularly with rainwater. Tap water will do when butts run dry.

• Complete summer pruning of gooseberries and red/white currants.

• Pollinate female indoor melon flowers, then pinch out 2cm (0.75in) beyond the flower.

• Pinch out the growing point of outdoor melons twice, at four-week intervals.

• Water and feed outdoor melons regularly once established.

• Pull off suckers appearing around the base of fruit trees.

• Make sure fruit isn’t drought stressed, especially those in containers, against a wall or newly planted.

• Give regular liquid feeds to plants growing in containers.

• Protect heavily-laden fruit tree and bush branches against snapping under the weight. Use a stake or prop to keep them upright.

 

Vegetables

• Ensure all vegetables get a regular, consistent supply of water. This will aid healthy development, and help to avoid diseases, disorders and bolting.

• Continue to hoe off weeds in dry weather. Done in wet weather, the weeds are liable to re-root.

• Don't forget to stop cordon tomatoes by removing the main shoot. Look for the leaf that's above the fourth truss (set of developing fruit) and cut it off here. This should ensure that all the fruits ripen by the end of the season. Bush tomatoes can be left to their own devices.

• Climbing beans may also need stopping, to maximise cropping on existing sideshoots. Stop them when they reach the tops of their supports.

• Beans need sufficient watering to help the seed pods set.

• Check climbing vegetables are securely tied to supports.

• Earth up non self-blanching celery cultivars (with a protective collar of paper between the stems and the soil).

 

 

The Royal Horticultural Society

Want more Gardening tips?
Why not view the Royal Horticultural Society's website.



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