Click here to print this page

Planning Retirement Online

 

Knowhow - IT and Technology Help

Knowhow is the award-winning end-to-end services brand supporting Currys PC World. Knowhow strives to better serve customers throughout the lifetime of their products and to help them get the best from their technology. Services include delivery and installation, set-up, repairs and protect.

This article series will be introducing new technologies as well as helping us enjoy and make the most of new products for years to come.

Knowhow No. 21

kitten staring out of window

There are several simple techniques that professional photographers use to frame the perfect shot.

 

Photo composition tips

The Knowhow

The Rule of Thirds:

Many photographers use the Rule of Thirds to construct shots. When framing up, they imagine a grid over the scene.

  • The lines often break the image into equal sized squares
  • Both horizontal and / or vertical lines should always be the same distance from the edge of the frame
  • The lines indicate where the major features of your image should be
  • Try to position key elements of the image where the lines cross

kitten staring out of window

In the image above, you can see how elements of the composition are lined up with the grid:

  • The left line passes through the centre of the kitten
  • The bottom line separates the floor from the door
  • The upper line passes through the paw and marks the edge of the glass
  • The right line follows on of the door edges and crosses the end of the tail

Remember: the lines are a guide, not a law. Using this system can help you align elements of your photograph for better composition, but your eyes will tell you what looks best.

This method can also be used to frame a subject centrally, giving them a more powerful presence. For example, composing a shot so a face or an object is the central portion of the image gives it more emphasis and can produce interesting artistic effects.

  • Using the rule of thirds to mark the edges, or key points, of the object enhances it
  • Surrounding the key object with the inner box of the grid can make it stand out, but runs the risk of reducing the subject's impact as it appears smaller

For example, when framing a face this way you may choose to position the eyes and mouth on the imaginary grid.

Headroom:

One common mistake many people make is framing far too much headroom. This is often done in an attempt to make someone's head be at the centre of the shot, rather than the full face.

For example, there is too much headroom in this shot:

  • You only need to leave a very small space between the top of the head and the top of the frame. Sometimes you may even trim off the top of the head
  • Position more space to the left or right of frame to match the subject's eyeline

Here is the same image, cropped according to the rule of thirds:

 

Leading lines:

There are a number of effective ways to draw the viewer's eye into the photograph and make it more visually appealing. A simple method is to use leading lines which add depth and create visual paths the eye can follow.

Leading lines start at the edge of the frame and move towards the middle of the photo. Used effectively, the eye "reads" along these lines like text in a book and follows their journey through the picture.

For example, in the image above the tracks in the snow curve through the picture and around the houses to add interest. Notice the photo is also composed to the rule of thirds.

 

Back to Laterlife Interest Index

 

Bookmark This Share on Facebook Receive more like this

 

Latest Articles:

As we age, how much protein do we really need?

Couple behind fish display

Few people really have a clear idea of how much protein they take in every day, what the official recommendations for protein levels are, or indeed what protein really does.
Ensuring adequate levels of protein is easier for meat eaters than vegans and vegetarians.

more

RSPB giving nature a home


RSPB Big Garden Birdwatch is 40!

Blue tit, Parus caeruleus, perched on branch in garden. Co. Durham. October. Ray Kennedy (rspb-images.com)

The RSPB is celebrating 40 years of its’ famous Big Garden Birdwatch. Just one hour every year, for the last 40 years, has made the RSPB’s Big Garden Birdwatch the largest garden wildlife citizen science project.

more

Adult worker wasps may be searching for your sugar

Wasps on window against blue sky

At this time of year, wasps can become a real irritation. While they have been around all summer, it is often as the weather begins to cool that they can become their most irritating.

more

Win great prizes in our current Competitions

Click here to visit the competitions page.

Article Archive

The LaterLife Article Archive provides a comprehensive list of links, to all the current regular article series' as well as quick links to older articles.
 
Back to LaterLife Today

Visit our Pre-retirement Courses section here on laterlife or our dedicated Retirement Courses site

Bookmark


Advertise on laterlife.com



LaterLife Travel Insurance in Association with Avanti