Diabetes is a life threatening, long term condition which affects more than 1.9 million people in England. Whether Type 1 or Type 2, diabetes shortens people’s lives and affects their quality of life because of the long term complications.
Type 1 diabetes develops most frequently in children, adolescents and younger adults. Pancreatic cells that produce insulin have been destroyed by the body’s immune system resulting in a build-up of glucose in the blood. To control blood glucose levels, insulin injections are required at least daily.
Type 2 diabetes is more commonly diagnosed in adults over 40 (although it is increasingly being diagnosed in children). For most people, it is a preventable, lifestyle disease caused by a combination of genetics, unhealthy diet and little physical activity. Either the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to control glucose levels or the person has become insensitive to insulin. Diet and lifestyle need to be adjusted and most people with Type 2 diabetes will need to take tablets and/or insulin to control their condition.
Read the full report, Managing diabetes, Improving services for people with diabetes by The Healthcare Commission
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Managing Diabetes ? 2007 Commission for Healthcare Audit and Inspection.